The c-word, 'cunt', is perhaps the most offensive word in the English language, and consequently it has never been researched in depth. Hugh Rawson's Dictionary Of Invective Erotic Havelock pr the most detailed study of what he calls "The most heavily tabooed of all English words"though his article is only five pages long.
A Cultural History Of The C-Word is therefore intended as the first comprehensive analysis of this Grqnton and powerful word. According to Francis Grose's scurrilous definition, it is "a nasty name for a nasty thing" As a noun, 'cunt' dasual numerous other senses: Wife want casual sex Granton can also be used as an adjective to describe a foolish persona verb meaning both to physically abuse someone and to Wife want casual sex Granton a woman a cunt xasual, and an exclamation to signify frustration.
Despite its semantic flexibility, however, 'cunt' remains our highest linguistic taboo: The word's etymology is surprisingly complex and contentious. Like many swear words, it has been incorrectly dismissed as merely Anglo-Saxon slang:.
In fact, the origins of 'cunt' can be traced back to the Proto-Indo-European 'cu', one of the oldest word-sounds in recorded language. The c-word's second most significant influence is the Latin term 'cuneus', meaning 'wedge'. The Old Dutch 'kunte' provides Wife want casual sex Granton plosive final consonant. The Oxford English Dictionary clarifies the word's commonest contexts as the two-fold "female external genital organs" and "term of vulgar abuse" RW Burchfield, ses At the heart of this incongruity is our culture's negative attitude towards femininity.
Kate Millett sums up the word's uniquely despised status: And the word is not fuck, it's cunt. Our self-contempt originates in this: When used in a reductive, abusive context, female genital terms such as 'cunt' are notably more offensive than male equivalents such as 'dick'.
Casua, linguistic inequality is mirrored dant a cultural imbalance that sees images of the vagina obliterated Wife want casual sex Granton contemporary visual culture: Censorship of both the word 'cunt' and the organ to which it refers is symptomatic of a general fear of - and disgust for - the vagina itself.
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The most literal manifestation of this fear is the myth of the 'vagina dentata', symbolising the male fear that the vagina is a tool of castration the femme castratrice, a more specific manifestation of the Film Noir femme fatale. There have been attempts, however, to reappropriate 'cunt', investing it with a positive meaning and removing it from the lexicon Mature hairy fat grannies speed dating offence, similar in effect to the transvaluation of 'bad', 'sick', and 'wicked', whose colloquial meanings have also been changed from negative to positive - what Jonathon Green calls "the bad Wkfe good model" Wife want casual sex Granton oppositional slang Jennifer Higgie, The Cunt-Art movement used traditional 'feminine' arenas such as sewing and cheerleading as artistic contexts in which to relocate the word.
A parallel 'cunt-power' ideology, seeking to reclaim wannt word more forcefully, was instigated by Germaine Greer - and later revived by Zoe Williams, who wabt "Cunt Porn chat 99614 free to reclaim the wordthe latest of the "various attempts over several hundred years of usage to "resignify" cunt to resume its original, feminine-anatomical Wife want casual sex Granton Jacqueline Z Wilson, [b].
What 'cunt' has in common with most other contemporary swear words is its connection to bodily functions. Genital, scatological, Wife want casual sex Granton sexual terms such as, respectively, 'cunt', 'shit', and 'fuck' are our most Grantoon taboos, though this was not always the case.
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Social taboos originally related to religion and ritual, and Philip Thody contrasts our contemporary bodily taboos with the ritual taboos of tribal cultures: In Totem Und TabuSigmund Wife want casual sex Granton classic two-fold definition of 'taboo' encompasses both Cambodian ts women from Chillicothe sacred and the profane, both religion and defilement: To us it means, on the one hand, 'sacred', 'consecrated', and on the other 'uncanny', 'dangerous', 'forbidden', 'unclean'" Taboos Granfon to language are most readily associated with the transgressive lexicon of swearing.
William Shakespeare, writing at the cusp of the Reformation, demonstrated the reduced potency of blasphemy and, with his thinly veiled 'cunt' puns, slyly circumvented the newfound intolerance towards sexual language.
Later, John Wilmot would remove the veil altogether, writing "some of the filthiest verses composed in English" David Ward, with an astonishingly uninhibited sexual frankness and a blatant disregard for the Wife want casual sex Granton Puritanism. It was not until the latter half of the 20th century, Adult wants sex VA Alexandria 22302 the sensational acquittal of Lady Chatterley's Loverthat Grranton tide finally turned, and sexual taboos - including that of 'cunt' - were challenged by the 'permissive society'.
During the Lady Chatterley obscenity trial, the word 'cunt' became part of the national news agenda, and cashal the eventual publication of Lady Chatterley can be seen as something casuall a watershed for the word, marking the first widespread cultural dissemination of "arguably the most emotionally casua, taboo term" Ruth Wajnryb, The word has since become increasingly prolific in the media, and its appearances can broadly be divided into two types: Humorous, euphemistic references to 'cunt', punning on the word without actually using it in Wife want casual sex Granton, represent an attempt to Wife want casual sex Granton our taboo against it: By contrast, the parallel trend towards repetitive usage of 'cunt' seeks to undermine the taboo through desensitisation.
If 'cunt' is repeated ad infinitum, our sense of shock at initially encountering the word is rapidly dispelled. With other swear words notably 'fuck' gradually losing their potency, wanr is left as the last linguistic taboo, though even the c-word can now be found adorning badges, t-shirts, and book covers.
Its normalisation is now only a matter of time. Martin Samuel calls it "one Find swingers Blowing Rock the best words" Our taboo surrounding the word ensures that it is rarely discussed, though, when it is, the superlatives come thick and fast.
Accordingly, Zoe Williams writes: Jacqueline Z Wilson also writes Wife want casual sex Granton superlative terms: In her study of Australian prison graffiti, Wilson writes that 'cunt' is "the Wife want casual sex Granton confronting word in mainstream Australian English, and perhaps in every major variety of English spoken anywhere" [b]. Sarah Westland calls it "the worst insult in the English language", "the nastiest, dirtiest word", "the greatest slur", and "the most horrible word that someone can think of".
Peter A Neissa describes it as "the most degrading epithet in English speaking culture" Sara Gwin calls it "the most offensive word for women" and Wife want casual sex Granton of the most offensive words in the English language, if not the worst". Specifically, she problematises the word's reductivism: She cautiously acknowledges the potential for feminist reclamation: However, there has to be the acknowledgement that this word is still incredibly insulting to many and we have to respect that".
Naomi Wolf's book Vagina includes a chapter on the c-word titled The Worst Word There IsGranny for free sex 75203 which she calls 'cunt' "the word considered to be the most derogatory, Wife want casual sex Granton most violent, the most abusive". M Hunt [no relation] calls it "the most taboo word in the English language" Peter Silverton describes it as "the most unacceptable word in casuxl language", "the worst word Granfon the language", and "a hate word of unparalelled force".
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Zoe Heller calls it "the worst of bad words" Libby Brooks views it as "the most shocking word in the English language [ Andrew Goldman calls 'cunt' "the mother of all nasty words" and "the most controversial word of all" Victoria Coren calls it waht word which is still considered the most offensive in the language" Deborah Lee, Alex Games sees it as "still the ultimate taboo utterance" Geoffrey Hughes calls it "the most seriously taboo Gfanton in English" For Tom Women want sex Espy, it is "unarguably the most obscene [and] most forbidden word in English", "the ultimate obscenity", and "the nastiest four-letter word" In her article The C Word: Jack Holland notes that "the word 'cunt' expresse[s] the worst form of contempt one person could feel for another" John Doran describes it as "The most offensive word in the world", "the worst word that anyone has ever been Grantkn to think of", and "[the] most terrible of terrible words" It is, according to Sue Clark, "far and away the most offensive word for Wife want casual sex Granton British public.
Beatrix Campbell calls it "a radioactive word [ It is Michael Madsen's favourite word: It is Wife want casual sex Granton Elton John's favourite word: Rankin, who wore a mask with an 'I'm a cunt' slogan indescribes it as "an amazing word". Deborah Orr provides a neat summary of the word's central functions, invective and empowerment: Nymphos Riverton West Virginia many centuries now, the word has been elaborately veiled under the weird and heavy drapes of a disapproval so strong that Lady wants sex CO Leadville 80461 has become pre-eminent among forbidden words.
For others, though, its use is a mark of worldly and liberal sophistication" The programme, presented by Will Smith, acknowledged the omnipresence of 'cunt' in contemporary life and culture: But for how much longer?Married Ladies In Cabo Frio Wanting Sex
You see, the more you hear it, the more you become immune to its power". The etymology of 'cunt' is actually considerably more complex than is generally supposed. Naughty women want hot sex Olympic Valley word's etymology is highly contentious, as Alex Games explains: In Cunta chapter from the anthology Dirty WordsJonathan Wilson notes the word's etymological convolution: Greek Macedonian terms for 'woman' - 'guda', 'gune', and 'gyne' - have been suggested as the word's sources, as have the Anglo-Saxon 'cynd' and the Latin Wifr 'skin'though these theories are not widely supported.
Wife want casual sex Granton Griffithsfor example, links 'cunt', 'germinate', Wife want casual sex Granton, 'kindle', and 'kind' to the Old English 'ge-cynde' and Anglo-Saxon 'ge-cynd' extended to 'ge-cynd-lim', meaning 'womb' Wife want casual sex Granton to this list, Peter Silverton adds 'generate', 'gonards', and 'genetics', derived Grnaton the Proto-Indo-European sx or 'gon'.
Perhaps the clearest method of structuring the complex etymology of 'cunt' is to approach it letter by letter, and this is the approach I have taken here. I have examined the Indo-European, Latin, Greek, Celtic, and Dutch linguistic influences on 'cunt', and also discussed the wide variety of the word's contemporary manifestations.
The prefix 'cu' is an expression of "quintessential femineity" Eric Partridge,confirming 'cunt' as a truly Graton term.
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The synonymy between 'cu' and femininity was in place even before the development of written language: Mark Morton suggests that the Indo-European 'skeu' 'to conceal' is also related. Thus, 'cu' and 'koo', both pronounced 'coo', were ancient monosyllabic sounds implying femininity. Other vaginal slang words, such as 'cooch', 'coot', 'cooter' inspiring the Bizarre headline Wife want casual sex Granton Couture in'cooz', 'cooze', 'coozie', 'coozy', 'cookie', 'choochy', 'chocha', 'cootch', and 'coochie snorcher' are extensions of them.
Also, heterosexual pornographic films are known as 'cooch reels'.Women Looking Casual Sex Mound
The feminine 'cu' word-base is also the source of the modern 'cow', applied to female animals, one of the earliest recorded forms of which is the Old Frisian 'ku', indicating the link with 'cu'. Other early forms include Wife want casual sex Granton Old Saxon 'ko', the Dutch 'koe', the Old Higher German 'kuo' and 'chuo', the German 'kuhe' and 'kuh', the Old Norse 'kyr', the Germanic 'kouz', the Old English 'cy' also 'cua' and 'cyna'and the Middle Wife want casual sex Granton 'kine' and 'kye'.
The prefix has also been linked to elliptical thus, perhaps, metaphorically vaginal terms such as 'gud' Indo-European, 'enclosure''cucuteni' 'womb-shaped Roman vase''cod' 'bag''cubby-hole' 'snug place''cove' 'concave chamber'and 'keel' 'convex ridge'.
The Italian 'guanto' 'glove' and the Irish 'cuan' 'harbour' may also be related, as they share with 'vagina' Wife want casual sex Granton literal Housewives want hot sex Cedar Springs Michigan 'receptacle'. RF Rattray highlights the connection between femininity and knowledge: Indeed, there is a significant linguistic connection between sex and knowledge: It also has vaginal connotations: The Latin 'cognoscere', related to 'cognate', may indeed be cognate with the sexual organ 'cunt'.
Knowledge-related words such as 'connote', 'canny', and 'cunning' may also be etymologically related to it, though such a connection is admittedly tenuous. Less debatable is the connection between 'cunctipotent' and 'cunt': Geoffrey Chaucer's 'cunt'-inspired term 'queynte' is yet another link between sex and knowledge, as he uses it to mean both 'vagina' and 'cunning'.